The argumentative-essay text is one that defends a point of view by means of arguments and, in some cases, proposals of solution.
Some of the country’s top colleges, ask their candidates to write in the argumentative-essay style, also known as a school dissertation. In this type of text, the writer must present a point of view and defend it with good arguments. In the specific case of the exam, it is also necessary to present intervention proposals.
The main characteristics of the essay-argumentative text are:
Presence of a thesis (point of view) – generally in the first paragraph of the text;
Development with arguments that prove the thesis;
Conclusion in the form of a synthesis or with proposed solutions to the problems discussed in the text;
Use of the standard language standard.
The argumentative-essay text has its structure divided into three – introduction, argumentation and conclusion – and each one of them has its particularities, as explained below:
The first paragraph of the essay-argumentative text must contain two parts – the presentation of the theme and the explanation of the thesis.
Thesis is the same as point of view, that is, an opinion of the author of the text on the proposed theme.
For example, on the subject “Ways to combat religious intolerance in the world”, a possible thesis would be “prejudice against African-born religions makes it difficult to combat religious intolerance in the world.”
The intermediate paragraphs of the dissertations are reserved for the proof of the thesis presented in the introduction. An argument consists of two parts: the grounding and the analysis of the ground.
In the grounds, the author must seek evidence that his point of view is correct. They are considered grounds for citations of authority, historical references, consecrated theoretical concepts, news published in quality journals, etc.
In the analysis of the foundation, the writer must explicitly demonstrate the relationship between the evidence raised and the proposed thesis.
The last paragraph of the essay-argumentative text can be done in two ways: in the form of a synthesis or with a proposed solution.
In the case of synthesis, the author must summarize the arguments and repeat his thesis, concluding the reasoning constructed since the introduction.
In the case of conclusion with proposed solution, it is necessary that the writer presents practical and detailed solutions on the problems raised in the text. If, for example, the problem discussed in the argumentation was prejudice against African-born religions, the solution should be directed to that question. A detailed proposal, it is important to note, should determine:
- Agents (who will execute);
- Actions (what will be done);
- Means (how the solution will be produced);
- Effects (which will lead to the application of the solution).
Therefore, to suggest that the Ministry of Education (agent) produce advertising materials combating prejudice against religions of African matrix (action) through TVs, radios, newspapers and social networks (means) so that the indices of violence against Afro religious centers diminish (consequence) would be a good proposal of solution for the exam.
Plan of text: how to make an argumentative essay-argumentative text step by step
To produce a good essay-argumentative essay, it is essential, first of all, to make a good text project. To do so, it is enough that the writer write and fill, in separate sheet, the following topics:
Theme: write the whole thematic phrase, do not summarize it here.
Thesis: In this space, write what will be the point of view defended in the text.
Arguments: what are the fundamentals used in each argument – it is important that the dissertation contains at least two arguments. Then explain how each statement proves the aforementioned thesis.
Solution proposals: in the case of the exam, it is necessary to produce suggestions to reduce or eliminate the problems discussed in the text. Therefore, in this space, present these solutions, detailing the actions, the agents, the means and the consequences for each solution.